Historical Wolotopo Village in Ende

Ende Mosalaki
foto : Majalah Fortuna

Wolotopo, a rather large and lively village built into a quite steep hillside, is well worth a visit to encounter the Lionese people within their past and present way of living. The people there still strongly adhere to their adat and keep their traditional ceremonial houses in good shape. These houses are not only a relic of history but are also still inhabited by several families.

Taking a stroll around the village, you will get an idea of the local daily activities – above all ikat weaving, which is practiced by almost every household – and the interplay of adat and Christian beliefs, expressed in the mix of traditional and Catholic graves.

Wolotopo’s keda kanga – a small wooden building used to store ancestral bones – is situated in an elevated position at top of the village. It features some prominent Lionese symbols: carved on its central pillar you can see a horse and a boat; and on the keda kanga’s four corners hangs the blue wooden seko, a depiction of fruit that symbolizes abundance and satisfaction.

Peek inside the keda kanga to catch sight of the bhaku, a carved wooden box containing ancestral remains. The sao ria, the ‘big house’, functions as an office for adat issues. It is still inhabited by the ria bewa – the village’s decision maker and legal authority – and his family. The sao ata laki stands elevated from the ground on rock pillars. It is inhabited by six families that include two who are mosalaki. Full of symbolism, the sao ata laki is a reflection of the female body. Its function as a communal house and a place for gatherings is expressed in the drum and gong reliefs at the entrance door; these instruments function to call people to gather.

Right next to the sao ata laki, the sao su’e is the place for holding major communal rituals and ceremonies. Inside this house, there is an elephant tusk surrounded by round rocks. It is a place that people visit after having bad dreams. They bring along a stone, put it down. (Tim/42na)

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